CITY OF VIROQUA - Official Website Home > City of Viroqua > Departments > Water & Sewer > Sewer Department > Wastewater Treatment Facility Upgrade

Wastewater Treatment Facility Upgrade

The City of Viroqua wastewater treatment facility (WWTF) was constructed in 1978. Treatment components have been modified and added in facility upgrades in 1994 and 2002. Even with these upgrades much of the original equipment is still in operation and in need of replacement or rehabilitation. Also a number of structures need to be modified to meet current building codes. The waterway downstream of the treatment plant outfall has exposed fractured bedrock characteristic of the region’s karst topography. In order to protect groundwater quality, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) is requiring the City to relocate the outfall approximately 2 miles downstream of the WWTF beyond the fractured bedrock area.

This major wastewater treatment facility upgrade and outfall relocation has a capital cost of 10.2 million dollars. The City has received $650,000 in grant funding (principal forgiveness) from the WDNR and is also expecting $2.05 million in grant funding from the USDA Rural Development. The remaining funding will come in the form of loan financing through the WDNR and USDA. Focus on Energy grants are also being pursued.

In addition to obtaining this funding, a sewer rate increase will be required. Charges for an average residential customer (using 400 cubic feet per month) will increase from $25.40 per month to $40.13 per month as of March 1, 2016. This increase puts Viroqua’s sewer rates closer in line to similar sized systems in the area such as Richland Center, Fennimore and Westby.

Two public information sessions about the WWTF upgrades and rate increase were held. One on July 7, 2015 and one on February 18, 2016.

Wastewater Treatment Facility Upgrade and Outfall Relocation FAQ

Q. What does the upgrade involve?

A. In short the upgrade involves replacing worn and outdated equipment, improving treatment capability and efficiency and relocating the effluent outfall.


Q. How much does this cost?

A. The upgrades to the wastewater treatment facility will cost $8 Million and the outfall will cost $2 Million. The city will receive $2.7 Million dollars in grant money from the WDNR and USDA.


Q. What does “effluent” mean?

A. “Effluent” means treated municipal wastewater.


Q. What does “relocating the effluent outfall” mean?

A. The current outfall discharges to the headwaters of the Springville Branch of the Bad Axe River. It has been determined that 20-30% of the water in the stream makes it to the Springville site. The remaining 70-80% of the flow goes into the fracture bedrock underground. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources is requiring the City ensure that the effluent bypasses the water losing area of the fractured bedrock and continues to be surface flow. As such the City is moving a discharge point 2 miles downstream past the losing area.


Q. How much water comes out of the outfall?

A. The current plant peak weekly flow is around 350,000 gallons per day. That is total volume in a 24hr period. This equals about 245 gallons per min or 0.5 cubic feet per second. This translates into less flow than 6 standard 5/8” garden hoses at 40 psi.


Q. What does the relocation mean for effluent quality?

A. Moving the outfall downstream means that the City must meet more stringent effluent requirements. The current limit for Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD, i.e. organic load) will be reduced. The City will also have limits for new parameters, temperature and ammonia. Across the State phosphorus effluent limits are decreasing over the next 5 years. As a result of the relocation of the outfall the City will be required to decrease the phosphorus loading even further than required at the current location. The City will continue to have limits for total suspended solids, fecal coliform, pH and dissolved oxygen.


Q. Did the City explore other options to the outfall relocation?

A. Yes, there were three main options explored. 1. No relocation but treating effluent to near drinking water quality standards. 2. Grouting the fractured bedrock zone. 3. Using a pipeline to relocate the outfall. WDNR required strict compliance to drinking water quality standards for option 1, no relocation, making it economically unrealistic. The WDNR deemed option 3, outfall relocation, verses option 2 as the most environmentally sound and viable long term option.

Viroqua Facilities Plan

WWTF Upgrades FAQ